BARCLAY, William

(1546-1608)
William Barclay was a Scottish scholar and lawyer who was known for his legal texts dealing with the rights of kings, the state, and the temporal powers of the pope, works that aroused controversy from both the Roman Catholic (Robert Bellarmine) and the Protestant (Samuel Rutherford) sides. Barclay stud­ied at King's College, Aberdeen, Paris, and Bourges, at which institution he studied law under Jacques Cujas and received a doctorate. He was then invited by his uncle, the Jesuit Edmund Hay, to teach law at a new university at Pont-à-Mousson in Lorraine, where he was appointed by the duke of Lorraine and made a counsellor of state. After marriage to a French woman, he spent the years 1603-4 in England, where King James I* offered him positions on condition that he become Anglican. He refused, returned to France, and was ap­pointed professor and then dean of law at Angers, where he died in 1608.
His major works were De regno et regali potestate (Concerning the Kingship and Royal Power, 1600) and De potestate papae (Concerning the Power of the Pope, 1609). In the former he strongly defended the rights of kings and rejected the arguments of Hubert Languet, Jean Boucher, and George Buchanan,* the last mentioned of whom had argued in his De iure regni (Concerning the Rights of kings) that the people hold extensive powers against the king. King James VI of Scotland (James I of England) used Barclay to support his own divine-right theory. The latter work, Barclay's De potestate papae, published posthu­mously by his son John in London, attacked the papal claim to authority in temporal matters, a position sharply rejected by Robert Bellarmine.
Bibliography
J. N. Figgis, The Theory ofthe Divine Right ofKings, 1896 (1965).
Iain S. Maclean

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barclay, William — • Scottish jurist, b. 1546; d. at Angers, France, 3 July, 1608 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BARCLAY, WILLIAM —    father of John (1), an eminent citizen and professor of Law at Angers; d. 1605. All these Barclays were of Scottish descent …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • William Tubman — en 1943. Mandats 19e président de la République du Liberia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Tubman — William S. Tubman (1943) William Vacanarat Shadrach Tubman (* 29. November 1895 in Harper; † 23. Juli 1971 in London) war von 1944 bis 1971 Präsident von Liberia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William S. Tubman — (1943) William Vacanarat Shadrach Tubman (* 29. November 1895 in Harper; † 23. Juli 1971 in London) war von 1944 bis 1971 Präsident von Liberia. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William D. Coleman (politician) — William D. Coleman 13th President of Liberia In office November 12, 1896 – December 11, 1900 Vice President Joseph J. Ross Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • William Richard Tolbert — William Tolbert William R. Tolbert, son épouse et Richard Nixon en 1973 Mandats 20e président de la République du Liberia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William D. Coleman — William David Coleman (* 1842 in Fayette County, Kentucky; † 1908 in Clay Ashland, Liberia) war von 1896 bis 1900 Präsident von Liberia. Er wurde in Fayette County, Kentucky geboren und emigrierte im Alter von elf Jahren nach Liberia. Coleman… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William R. Tolbert — Jimmy Carter und William Tolbert am 3. April 1978 Richard Nixon und William Tolbert 1973 William Richard Tolbert, Jr. (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William R. Tolbert, Jr. — Jimmy Carter und William Tolbert am 3. April 1978 Richard Nixon und William Tolbert 1973 William Richard Tolbert, Jr. (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.